Historical figures

Kristan von Mühlhausen

† September 3, 1295

Auxiliary Bishop of the Diocese of Mainz and builder of the new Blasius Church building and the Chapel of St. Anne in Mühlhausen.

Thomas Müntzer

before 1490 - † 27 May, 1525 (executed)

Müntzer came to Mühlhausen from Allstedt in 1524. After a failed attempt to change the balance of power in the imperial city, he had to leave Mühlhausen. He returned to the city in February 1525 and began preaching the return of the faithful to the "order of God" at St. Mary's. Müntzer became the spiritual leader of the radical Reformation wing in the Peasants' War. After the defeat of the insurgents at Frankenhausen, he was captured, tortured, and eventually executed before the gates of Mühlhausen. A road and a school are named are named after Müntzer. A plaque on his house, two monuments, and the "Thomas-Müntzer-Gesellschaft e. V." association commemorate his work.

Heinrich Pfeiffer

† 27 May, 1525 (executed)

He worked at Münzer's side.

Johannes Eccard

1553 - † Autumn 1611

Born in Mühlhausen, he was one of the main creators of the Protestant hymn.

Johann Rudolf and Johann Georg Ahle

* 24 December 1625 - † 9 July1673 / * 12 June 1651 - † 2 December 1706

After studying in Göttingen and Erfurt, they became organists at Divi Blasii and shaped Mühlhausen as a city of music.
Johann Rudolf was a Councillor and Mayor of Mühlhausen.

Johann Sebastian Bach

* 21 March 1685 - † 18 July 1750

J. S. Bach was appointed as an organist at St. Blasius Church 1707. The works from his Mühlhausen period are characterised at the "early mastery".

Wilhelm Gottlieb Tilesius von Tilenau

* 17 July 1769 - † 17 May 1857

A Professor of Natural History at the University of Moscow, he participated in the first Russian circumnavigation of the globe and documented the results. A secondary school is named after him and a street is named after his family.

Carl Theodor Gier

* 9 November 1796 - † 10 November 1856

He became the youngest member of the magistracy and mayor in 1829. He was a consistent advocate of bourgeois-liberal thought.

Friedrich August Stüler

* 28 January 1800 - † 18 March 1865

He was the architect of King Frederick Wilhelm IV. It was typical of Stüler to integrate his buildings into the surrounding landscape. His main works include the Academy of Sciences in Budapest, the Neues Museum, the National Gallery, and the New Synagogue in Berlin, the National Museum in Stockholm, the reconstruction of Hohenzollern Castle, and many more.

Johann August Roebling

* 12 June 1806 - † 22 June 1869

After studying engineering and architecture, he emigrated to the United States in 1831, where he was able to contribute his expertise to the rapid expansion of transport routes. His invention of the wire rope suspension bridge enabled high load capacity to be combined with hitherto unimagined spans. His life's work includes the construction of the Brooklyn Bridge in New York.